June Birthstones

The 3 Impressive June Birthstones

June birthstones: Pearl, Alexandrite, and Moonstone. Unravel their origins, symbolism, and legendary tales in this comprehensive guide.

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Welcome, gemstone enthusiasts! June is a month that boasts not one, but three extraordinary birthstones – Pearl, Alexandrite, and Moonstone. Every gemstone holds a unique allure, rich history, and captivating symbolism. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll dive deep into the world of these splendid June birthstones, exploring their origins, meanings, and the reasons why they continue to captivate hearts and adorn jewelry pieces worldwide.

Pearl: A Timeless Classic

Origin and Formation

Pearls are among the oldest and most revered gemstones, formed naturally within the soft tissues of certain mollusks, such as oysters. These lustrous treasures are created when a foreign substance, like a grain of sand, becomes trapped inside the mollusk’s shell. In response, the mollusk secretes a substance called nacre, which builds up layer upon layer, eventually forming a pearl.

Tailor-Made Pearl Initial Bracelet

Check out this Tailor-Made Pearl Initial Bracelet here.

The process of pearl formation is a remarkable feat of nature, with each pearl taking years to develop and grow. Pearls can be categorized into two main types: freshwater pearls, which are cultivated in freshwater lakes and rivers, and saltwater pearls, which are grown in the ocean. The quality of a pearl is determined by several factors, including its luster (surface brilliance), shape, size, and the presence of any blemishes or imperfections.

Symbolism and Meaning

Throughout history, pearls have been associated with purity, wisdom, and wealth. In ancient Greece, they were believed to be the hardened tears of the goddess Aphrodite, symbolizing love and beauty. In various cultures, pearls have symbolized innocence, modesty, and chastity, often adorning the jewelry of brides and royalty.
Pearls have also been associated with wealth and status, as they were once rare and difficult to obtain. In ancient Rome, only the wealthy could afford to wear pearls, and they were considered a symbol of power and luxury.

Varieties and Colors

Pearl drop earrings

Check out these pearl drop earrings here.

While most people associate pearls with a classic white or cream hue, these gemstones come in many colors. From the striking black pearls of Tahiti to the iridescent pink and green hues of freshwater pearls, the color of a pearl is influenced by the specific mollusk species and the environment in which it forms.
The rarest and most coveted variety is the Tahitian pearl, known for its exotic black, green, and bluish-gray hues. These pearls are cultivated in the lagoons of French Polynesia and are highly prized for their unique colors and exceptional luster. Other notable varieties include the golden South Sea pearls, the vibrant pink conch pearls, and the metallic-hued abalone pearls.

Please read our article about pearls here.

Alexandrite: The Chameleon of Gemstones

Discovery and Rarity

Alexandrite, a chrysoberyl mineral variation, is one of the world’s most uncommon and interesting gemstones. It was discovered in 1834 in the Ural Mountains of Russia and was named after the young Czar Alexander II, as its discovery coincided with his coming of age.

June Birthstone Alexandrite Necklace

Check out this Alexandrite necklace here.

What makes Alexandrite truly remarkable is its ability to change color. In daylight or fluorescent light, it appears as a beautiful greenish-blue hue, while in incandescent light, it transforms into a mesmerizing purplish-red shade. This chameleon-like quality is caused by the unique way alexandrite absorbs and reflects different wavelengths of light, a phenomenon known as the “alexandrite effect.”

The dramatic color shift of alexandrite is due to the presence of chromium within its crystal structure. When exposed to different light sources, the chromium atoms absorb and reflect different wavelengths of light, resulting in a striking color change.

Mythical and Mystical Associations

Alexandrite’s rarity and color-changing properties have led to various mythical and mystical associations. In Russia, it was believed to be a gemstone of good fortune, with the ability to protect its wearer from harm and bring them luck and prosperity.

Natural Alexandrite 18k Yellow Gold Bracelet

Check out this Natural Alexandrite 18k Yellow Gold Bracelet here.

Some people accept as true that Alexandrite may promote romantic love and deepen existing relationships.
Today, alexandrite is highly coveted by collectors and gemstone enthusiasts, who appreciate its exceptional beauty and scarcity. Fine-quality alexandrite specimens can fetch exorbitant prices at auctions, making them a true treasure for those who can afford them.

Caring for Alexandrite

While alexandrite is relatively durable, with a hardness of 8.5 on the Mohs scale, it still requires proper care to maintain its beauty. It’s essential to protect alexandrite from scratches, harsh chemicals, and extreme temperature changes, which can cause fractures or color shifts.

When cleaning alexandrite jewelry, it’s best to use a soft brush and mild soap solution. Avoid using ultrasonic cleaners or harsh chemicals, as they can potentially damage the gemstone. Additionally, it’s crucial to carefully inspect any alexandrite jewelry to ensure it’s not a synthetic or imitation stone, which can be difficult to distinguish from genuine gemstones.

Moonstone: A Celestial Gem

Lunar Connections

Diamond and moonstone ring

Check out these Diamond and moonstone rings here.

Moonstone, a variety of the feldspar mineral group, is aptly named for its captivating sheen that resembles the glowing moon. This gemstone exhibits a unique optical phenomenon called adularescence, which creates a bluish sheen or glow that appears to billow across the surface of the stone, reminiscent of the moon’s radiance.
In many cultures, moonstone has been revered for its mystical connections to the moon and its symbolic associations with intuition, femininity, and the cyclical nature of life. The ancient Romans believed that the moonstone was formed from the solidified rays of the moon, while in Hindu mythology, it was considered a sacred stone that brought good fortune.

Healing and Emotional Properties

Moonstone is believed to possess powerful healing and emotional properties. Crystal healing practices are thought to promote calmness, balance, and emotional stability. Some believe that moonstones can enhance intuition, encourage introspection, and facilitate spiritual growth.

Many people wear or carry moonstone as a talisman, believing it can help them navigate life’s challenges and transitions with grace and clarity. It is said to be particularly beneficial for women, as it is associated with the feminine energy and the cycles of the moon.

Varieties and Characteristics

Moonstone Silver Plated Necklace

Check out this Moonstone Silver Plated Necklace here.

Moonstones can be found in a range of colors, including white, peach, gray, and even rainbow hues. However, the most prized and valuable moonstones are those with vivid blue adularescence and distinct patterns or streaks known as “cat’s eyes” or “centipedes.”
The quality and value of a moonstone are determined by several factors, including its color, clarity, and the intensity of its adularescence. Moonstones with a strong, consistent blue sheen and distinct patterns are highly coveted and can command higher prices. Additionally, larger moonstones are generally more valuable than smaller ones.

Jewelry and Care Tips

These three stunning June birthstones offer a wealth of possibilities when it comes to jewelry design. Pearls can be strung into timeless necklaces or incorporated into earrings, pendants, and rings for a classic and elegant look. Alexandrite’s color-changing properties make it a captivating choice for statement rings or pendants, while moonstone’s ethereal glow lends itself beautifully to earrings, bracelets, and intricate necklace designs.

When caring for pearl jewelry, it’s essential to avoid exposing them to harsh chemicals, cosmetics, and prolonged exposure to moisture or heat, which can cause discoloration or damage. Pearls should be the last item you put on when getting dressed and the first item you take off, as they can easily be scratched or damaged by other jewelry pieces or clothing.

Alexandrite and moonstone jewelry should be cleaned gently with a soft brush and mild soap solution, and stored separately from other gemstones to prevent scratches. Avoid exposing these gemstones to extreme temperatures, as sudden temperature changes can cause fractures or cleavage planes to appear.

Cleaning gemstone jewelry

It’s also important to consider the durability of each gemstone when selecting jewelry pieces. Pearls are relatively soft and can be easily scratched or damaged, making them less suitable for everyday wear. Alexandrite and Moonstone, on the other hand, are more durable and can be worn regularly with proper care.

When it comes to jewelry care, handle each gemstone with care and respect. Pearls should be stored separately from other gemstones to prevent scratches, and they should be restrung periodically to ensure the integrity of the strand. Alexandrite and moonstone pieces should be stored in soft pouches or lined boxes to protect them from scratches and exposure to extreme temperatures.

Alexandrite ring in a box

It’s also important to consider the overall design and setting of the jewelry piece. Pearls and moonstones are best suited for simple, elegant designs that allow their natural beauty to shine, while alexandrite can be showcased in more intricate and dramatic settings that accentuate its color-changing properties.

When selecting June birthstone jewelry, work with reputable jewelers who can guide you through the process and ensure you’re investing in high-quality, ethically sourced gemstones. Whether treating yourself or shopping for a loved one, these splendid June birthstones delight and inspire you with their unique histories, symbolism, and timeless beauty.

Legendary Tales and Historical Significance

Pearls, alexandrite, and moonstone have all played significant roles in legendary tales and historical events throughout the ages, adding to their allure and mystique.

Pearls and Royalty

Pearls have long been associated with royalty and wealth, adorning the crowns and jewels of kings, queens, and nobles. One of the most famous pearls in history is the Pearl of Lao Tzu, a massive pearl weighing over 6 kilograms, which was discovered in the 14th century and is believed to have been owned by various Chinese emperors.

The Pearl of Lao Tzu

Read more about The Pearl of Lao Tzu here.

In Europe, the famous La Peregrina pearl, meaning “The Wanderer,” has a storied history dating back to the 16th century. Originally discovered in the Gulf of Panama, this pear-shaped pearl was owned by various European royals, including Prince Philip II of Spain and the powerful Bonapartes of France.

Elizabeth Taylor with the La Peregrina pearl necklace

Read more about the La Peregrina pearl necklace here.

Alexandrite and Imperial Russia

Alexandrite’s discovery in 1834 in Russia’s Ural Mountains was seen as a fortuitous event, as the gemstone’s color-changing properties mirrored the red and green colors of the Russian Imperial Guard’s uniform. This led to Alexandrite being declared the official gemstone of the Russian Empire, and it became a prized possession among the Russian nobility.
The legendary Alexandrite Cat’s Eye, a rare and exceptional specimen showcasing the color-changing effect and a distinct cat’s eye pattern, was once a part of the Russian Crown Jewels. Today, it resides in the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C.

Alexandrite Cat's Eye

Check out this Alexandrite Cat’s Eye here.

Moonstone and Hindu Mythology

In Hindu mythology, the moonstone is revered as a sacred gemstone, believed to be formed from the solidified rays of the moon. It is associated with the moon god, Chandra, and is considered a powerful talisman for lovers and those seeking spiritual enlightenment.

These legendary tales and historical associations only serve to heighten the allure and mystique of June’s splendid birthstones, making them even more coveted and cherished by collectors, jewelers, and gemstone enthusiasts alike.


The June birthstones, Pearl, Alexandrite, and Moonstone, are magnificent jewels with distinct features and deep histories.. Whether you’re drawn to the timeless elegance of pearls, the mesmerizing color-changing properties of alexandrite, or the celestial allure of moonstone, these gemstones offer a world of beauty and symbolism to explore.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  • What makes pearls so valuable?

    Pearls are highly valued for their rarity, natural beauty, and the labor-intensive process required to cultivate them. Factors such as luster, shape, size, and color contribute to a pearl’s value, with larger, more perfectly spherical pearls with exceptional luster being the most coveted and expensive.

  • Can alexandrite be treated or enhanced?

    Yes. Some alexandrite gemstones may undergo heat treatment or other enhancement processes to improve their color, clarity, or appearance. However, it’s important to note that treated alexandrite should be disclosed and may have a lower value compared to untreated, natural specimens.

  • Is moonstone only found in blue shades?

    No, Moonstones can occur in various colors, including white, peach, gray, and rainbow hues. However, the most prized and valuable moonstones are those with a vivid blue adularescence or sheen, which is caused by the way light interacts with the gemstone’s unique internal structure.

  • Can pearls be dyed or treated?

    Yes. Pearls can undergo various treatments to enhance or alter their color. Some common treatments include dyeing, bleaching, and irradiation. However, it’s important to note that treated pearls should be disclosed as such and may have a lower value compared to natural, untreated pearls.

  • Is Alexandrite a rare gemstone?

    Yes, Alexandrite is considered one of the rarest and most valuable gemstones worldwide. Its unique color-changing properties, combined with its scarcity, make it highly coveted by collectors and gemstone enthusiasts. Fine-quality alexandrite specimens can fetch exorbitant prices at auctions and are often considered a true gemological treasure.

  • How should I care for my Moonstone jewelry?

    To properly care for moonstone jewelry, it’s important to avoid exposing the gemstone to extreme temperatures, harsh chemicals, or ultrasonic cleaners, as these can potentially cause damage or discoloration. Gently clean moonstone jewelry with a soft brush and mild soap solution. Store moonstone pieces separately from other gemstones to prevent scratches, and avoid exposing them to prolonged direct sunlight, which can cause fading or discoloration over time.

  • Can pearls be worn every day?

    While pearls are beautiful and versatile, they are relatively soft gemstones and can be easily scratched or damaged. For this reason, it’s generally not recommended to wear pearl jewelry every day, especially for activities that may subject them to rough handling or exposure to cosmetics, chemicals, or moisture. Pearl jewelry is best reserved for special occasions or when you can care to protect the pearls from potential damage.

  • Is Alexandrite a natural or synthetic gemstone?

    Alexandrite is a natural gemstone, a variety of the mineral chrysoberyl. However, due to its rarity and high value, synthetic and imitation alexandrite gemstones have been created to meet the demand for this exceptional gemstone. It’s important to have any Alexandrite jewelry authenticated and certified to ensure its authenticity and value.


Pashalis Laoutaris

Fashion Blogger

I am a professional writer, fashion blogger, and owner of the site https://laoutaris.com. As a salesperson for more than 20 years, I have experience of 10 years in the fashion industry. I consider myself a true fashionista. I am writing daily blog articles about fashion, tools and converters, and everything you need to know about the current fashion trends.

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